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+ Panipat - City of Handlooms



Panipat pronunciation is a historic as well as an ancient city in the Panipat District in Haryana state, India,. Panipat was one of the five cities (prasthas) founded by the Pandava brothers during the times of Mahabharata; its historic name being Paneprastha. Panipat was the scene of three pivotal battles in Indian history. . The Panipat city was declared as a District on 1, Jan 1992.

Panipat is situated on the banks of the river Yamuna This district is bordered by Karnal , Sonipat , Jind and Kaithal and the state of Uttar Pradesh . It is just 90 kms from the national capital Delhi on National Highway- 1. .Today Panipat is an industrial town and is known for its handloom products. The district headquarter is situated in Panipat town. Other smaller towns are Samalkha, Israna and Naultha. The total area of Panipat district is 1,754 sq km and its population is 8,33,000 .

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Panipat is the city of textiles and carpets. It is also known for its world famous pickle 'Pachranga International'. This city is also famous for its handloom industry. It is also home to many industries such as Indian Oil Co. Ltd. (IOCL) Refinery, NTPC Thermal Power Plant and National Fertilizers Limited. It is the biggest centre for cheap blankets and carpets in India. The main places of attraction are the Graves of Ibrahim Lodhi, Kabuli Bagh, Devi Mandir, Kala Amb, Salar Gunj Gate, and Tomb of Bu-Ali Shah Kalandar.

The first battle of Panipat , fought in AD 1526 in which invader Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodhi, the Sultan of Delhi , on April 26. In the second battle of Panipat , on November 5, 1556, Akbar's guardian Bairam Khan defeated the Hindu ruler Hemu. Ahmad Shah Abdali, the Afghan ruler defeated the Marathas in the third battle of Panipat that took place on 13 January, 1761.

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Famous Urdu shayar "Maulana Haali" was also born in panipat.

It is 90 km from Delhi on NH-1 and comes under the National Capital Territory, Delhi, India.
  • The Panipat Refinary (IOCL ) situated at panipat is the second largest refinary in south Asia.
  • The asia's longest Fly over is also constructed on NH-1at panipat.
  • NFL ( National Fertilizers Limited ) is situated at Panipat.
  • The biggest source of electricity produced in Haryana i.e. Panipat Thermal Power Station is situated at Panipat.
  • Kala Amb' is a memorial built in memory of the soldiers who died in the battlefield of panipat. It is said that blood of the died soldiers was mixed with the soil and the fruit of a mango tree became black in color due to that and hence the name "Kala Amb" meaning 'Black Mango'.

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