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Economy of Kurukshetra


The economy of the district is primarily agrarian, An overwhelming work force is engaged as cultivators and agriculture labourers. The district enjoys an ideal location benefits being situated adjacent to national highway number 1. It is coming up as an industrial belt and has started throbbing with the wide spectrum of developmental activities and unfolds immense potential of industrial opportunities.

Farming is the main occupation of the people as a sizeable percentage i.e. over 90% of people are engaged in various agricultural pursuits. Wheat and Rice are the main crops of the district. Among the commercial crops sugarcane is an important crop of this district. It covers approximately an area of 12 thousand hectares in the district Kurukshetra. Cultivation of vegetables especially of potato is very popular in Kurukshetra district. The approximate production of potato crop in Kurukshetra district is about 5645 tonns.

To supplement the income, dairy farming and cattle rearing is another occupation adopted by the people which is strengthening economy of the district. Most of the agriculturists are engaged in either dairy farming, poultry farming, pig farming etc.as a side business. To support this occupation there is wide network of veterinary facilities which includes about 24 Civil Veterinary Hospital, 26 Dispensaries and 41 Stockmen Centres, as well as Artificial Insemination Centres, Poultry -cum- Piggery Centre. There are 3 milk plants in private sector in Kurukshetra itself, whereas another one is situated just near Kurukshetra i.e. in Karnal. A wide net work of Milk Cooperative Societies is adding to the economic condition of poor rural people.

Being agriculture based economy, industrial set up in the district is also agrobased, as there are number of small and big Rice Shellers and Wheat Processing Units. A conscious attempt has been made by the District Industries Centre Kurukshetra to identify the small-large scale industry having scope in the district. For promotion of industrialisation, a special Sector i.e. 3 Sector has been developed as Industrial Area where number of small scale units have been established.

The District also boosts of wide network of Commercial Bank branches. There are as many as 76 branches of various banks. The Punjab National Bank is the Lead Bank of the district. Commercial banks, Regional Rural Bank (Ambala Kurukshetra Gramin Bank) and co-operative banks look after the financial needs of the growing economy of the district.

Food and Supplies:

The Economy of Kurukshetra district is agro based. Kurukshetra district is a prosperous area from the point of view of production of wheat and paddy. The District Food and Civil Supplies Department is coordinating lifting of food grains as per government policy. For this purpose there is good arrangement for marketing of agriculture produce of farmers as there are total 25 Mandies in the district, out of which 9 are regular and 11 seasonal.

PROCUREMENT:

In the year 2000-2001, 520849 M.T. Paddy has arrived in the Mandies, out of which Government agencies have purchased 297530 M.T on support Price in Kurukshetra district. Govt. Agencies have delivered 27240 M.T. to FCI and 41918 M.T. Levy rice have been delivered by Rice Millers of the district. In addition, 475779 M.T. Wheat has arrived in various Mandies of Kurukshetra district, out of which 444177 M.T. Wheat has been purchased by Government Agencies on support price scheme in the year 2000-2001 .

PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

Food and Supplies Deptt. has been performing the job of Public Distribution System under which the Sugar, Kerosene Oil and Wheat Atta is being provided to the people of below poverty line in the district on their ration cards through Fair Price Shops approved by the Food and Civil Supplies Department. There are 74 Fair Price Shops in Urban and 271 Fair Price Shops in Rural areas in Kurukshetra district in operation and the distribution work of Essential Commodities and other Commodities related to P.D.S. is being done in public interest on priority. The facility of LPG (Cooking Gas) has also been ensured to the consumers of Kurukshetra district by this department.

SUGAR MILL

The Shahabad Coop. Sugar Mills was registered as a Cooperative Society in 1976. The Mills is situated on Ladwa-Shahabad road. The letter of intent for establishment of the Sugar Mills of 1250 TCD was received on 14.7.1981 and the foundation stone of Shahabad Sugar Mills was laid on 21.8.83. The crushing operations of plant were inaugurated on 6.2.1985. The crushing capacity of the Mills was increased from 1250 TCD to 3500 TCD in the crushing season 1995-96.

Around Rs. 29.00 crores were spent on the expansion of the Mills and the Mills met the whole expenditure incurred on expansion by its own resources without taking loan from any Institution. Total cumulative profit from the establishment of the Mills till the year 2005-06 is Rs. 61.02 Crores, which is an indicative of good financial position of the Mills. There is no liability of any Financial Institutions or State Govt. on the Mills. The Mills has provided Rs.2,53,17,432.00 as Cane purchase tax to the Haryana Govt. in the past three years.

During the crushing season 2005-06 the Mills crushed 56.68 lacs qtls.of cane, thus exceeding the targets for crushing season, which is an achievement. The Sugar recovery for the season was 10.12%. The Mills has achieved 100% capacity utilization. This is an achievement in itself at National level. The Mills has fixed a target of 65 lacs qtls.of. Cane crushing for the season 2006-07.

The area of the Mills is in radius of 32 Kilometers. It spreads 16 Kms. towards Yamunanagar and 25 Kms. In other directions. In the area of the Mills, there are three cane growers societies i.e. Radaur, Mustafa bad and Kesri, through which around 50% sugarcane is purchased by the Mills and balance cane is purchased directly from growers by the Mills. In the last crushing season 2005-06, the area under sugarcane cultivation in the assigned area of the Mills was around 38500 acres, which has now increased to around 42000 acres for the crushing season 2006-07.

Under the sugarcane development plan the Mills is providing various facilities to its cane growers to increase the production of sugarcane. Among the facilities, the facilities of interest free loan against the sugarcane seed for the development of high sugared varieties, interest free loan and 10% subsidy for pesticides, Hot and moist air treated sugarcane seed free of cost and subsidy @ Rs.300.00 per acre for sowing treated seed are the main. The Mills has constructed a Kisan Rest House in its Cane Yard. The Rest House is equipped with all facilities for its growers so that no inconvenience is caused to the growers.

Biological control laboratory has been established in the mills to provide different types of parasites for the control of different types of insects and pests of sugar cane. These cards are provided free of cost to the farmers.

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