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District Jind, Haryana


Jind is a town in Jind District, Harayana state, India.

It is one of the oldest districts of Harayana. It is one of the first Sikh Kingdoms. It lies in central Haryana and is the fourth district of the Jat belt (i.e. Sonipat, Rohtak, Hissar, Jind).The city is beautiful. Rani Talab is the major tourist place Pandu-Pindara and Ramrai are the main devotional places attracting devotees for Amaavas bath.

Origin and name

The district derives its name from its headquarters town Jind that is said to be a corruption of Jaintapuri. It is also said that this town had been founded at the time of the Mahabharata. According to an old saying, the Pandavas built the Jayanti Devi Temple in honour of Jainti Devi (the goddess of victory), offered prayers for success, and then launched the battle with the Kauravas. The town grew up around the temple and was named Jaintapuri (Abode of Jainti Devi) which later on came to be known as Jind.

Geography

Jind is located at 29.32N 76.32E. It has an average elevation of 227 metres (744 feet).

Demographics

As of the 2001 India census, Jind had a population of 136,089. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Jind has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 75%, and female literacy is 61%. In Jind, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Princely Jind

Jind state was founded by descendants of Phool Haryana under the patronage and protection of the Sikh Guru (Guru Hargobind and Guru Har Rai). Jind was a state of Sikh of Siddhu Jat origin founded by the grandson of Chaudhary Phul Singh. Chaudhary Phul Singh had six sons, namely, 1.Tiloka 2.Ram Singh 3.Rudh 4.Chunu 5. Jhandu and 6.Takhtmal. The area of the state was 1,259-square-mile (3,260 km2) and the annual income of Jind state was Rs 30,00,000/-

Divisions

The district comprises three sub-divisions: Jind, Narwana and Safidon. Jind sub-division is further divided into two tehsils: Jind and Julana. Narwana and Safidon sub-divisions comprise only one tehsil each, Narwana and Safidon respectively.

There are five Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Julana, Safidon, Jind, Uchana Kalan and Narwana.

AGRICULTURE AND IRRIGATION

Agriculture is the mainstay of the bulk of population (86%) of the Jind District. Rapid advances have been made in this field after the formation of the Haryana in 1966. With the provision of better irrigational and other facilities, the primitive agricultural practices are fast yielding place to modern mechanised farming and agricultural production is continually increasing..

AGRICULTURE

Agriculture is the chief occupation of the people of the district. After Independence, most of the area fit for cultivation has been brought under the plough. The district made remarkable progress in agriculture after the formation of Haryana in November 1966.

The production of foodgrains has increased form 278.30 thousand tones in 74-75 to 954 thousand tones in year 96-97.

PUBLIC RELATION DEPARTMENT

This department is represented by the District Public Relations Officer who is assisted by about 70 employees including a District Publicity Organiser, Two field Publicity Assistants , An Information Centre Assistant, A Drama unit, A video Unit plus Bhajan Parties and Ministrial staff etc. There are two Assistant Public Relations Officers at Sub-Divisional Headquarters at Narwana and Safidon working under him. District Public Relations Officer is also incharge of Community Viewing Scheme under which TV sets are provided to Panchayat and schools. He maintains information Centre. The Administrative Control of this office is with the Director, Public Relations Haryana, Chandigarh.

The District Public Relations Officer maintains constant liaison with the press and the public in general for putting across the government point of view. He organizes a publicity drive through meetings, cinema shows, drama performances and personal contacts. The object is to inform and educate the people about various programmes and policies formulated by the government. He also keeps the government informed of public reactions to its plans and policies and conveys public grievances to the district and state authorities. The department also provides the Public Address System for the official functions and charge fee for the same form the concerned functions organizers except Government departments. These services are declared commercial by the State Government to earn revenue.

PUBLIC HEALTH

The Public Health Department is represented by one circle, at Jind, under the control of Superintending Engineer, PWD Public Health Circle, Jind. The Jind circle has three Public Health Divisions under its jurisdiction stationed at Jind, Narwana and Kaithal, which have been functioning since 3.4.70, 1.2.85 and 10.8.89 respectively. These divisions are manned by respective Executive Engineers.

The Public Health Divisions, Jind is further divided in four Sub Divisions, out of which 2 No. are located at Jind , one No. at Julana and the 4th at Safidon under the control of a Sub-Divisional Engineers each. Similarly Public Health of a Sub-Divisional Engineers each. Similarly Public Health Division, Narwana has three sub divisions, two at Narwana and one at uchana, under the charge of respective Sub-Divisional Engineers.

Public Health Division, Kaithal has 5 sub Divisions under its charge with head quarters of 3 Sub-Divisions at Kaithal, one at Kalayat and one at Pundri, under the charge of Sub-Divisional Engineer each.

The overall control at State level of Public Health Deptt. Is vested with the Engineer-in-Chief, Haryana, PWD Public Health Branch, Chandigarh. The department is responsible for execution and maintenance of Public Health works relating to water supply, sewerage, drainage and sanitation in rural and urban areas . In Jind District, all the villages have been provided with piped water supply.

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