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History of District Jhajjar, Haryana


Abdul Rahman Khan was the chief or Chaudhary of the Jhajjar estate and took part in the India's First War of Independence in 1857 against the British. He was captured and hanged. The vengeful Britiish troops also killed all his sons except one who concealed himself in a heap of wheat. His descendants live in Sargodha and Dera Ghazi Khan districts of West Punjab, Pakistan.

He was considered to have been a very generous person: Every baraat (bridegroom's party that goes to collect the bride) stayed in his home, every funeral obsequy was held in his home. He always helped the poor.

Navabzada Hamid Ali khan was the Navab of Jhajjar during the time of independence he was famous for his bravery and loyalty . His faimaly still resides there and mostly all of them are successful businessman and zamidars

Jhajjar suffered many vicissitudes of fortune. It was sacked by Muhammad Ghori; then rebuilt by Jats and Ahir tribes.

Before the partition of India, there lived a tribe of Yusufzai Pathans which were further classified into Navabzade Pathans, Choudharizade, lalkhani, qaimkhani, jhabookhani, emaadkhani, chotey derwaze waley and barey derwazey walay. Accordingly Jhajjar had several distinct mohallas or quarters: Mohalla Choudhrian, Mohalla Emadkhan, Mohalla Qaimkhan, Mohalla Lalkhan, Teebri ki Gali and the Chota and Bara Darwaza.

At present jhajjar is developing at a great pace with the development of SEZs and power plant.

Transport

Jhajjar is connected to Gurgaon, Rewari, Rohtak, Bahadurgarh, Delhi and other towns by roads. National Highway NH 71 from Jalandhar to Rewari passes through Jhajjar. Kundli-Manesar-Palwal Expressway (KMP Expressway), whose construction may be completed by 2012, will make access to the town easier.

A new railway line has been constructed from Rewari to Rohtak via Jhajjar. It may be commissioned in 2012. The Rewari-Hisar railway line also passes through Jhajjar district but far from Jhajjar town.



Industry and Economy

A super thermal power station has been constructed in Jhajjar district to supply electricity to south Haryana and Delhi.

Local Cuisine

Jhajjar is famous for its cattle wealth. There is no dearth of milk and milk products in the cuisine of Haryana. People prepare ghee and butter at home and you can see a liberal usage of ghee in their regular diet. The Home made butter is called tindi or nooni ghee and in most homes they daily churn fresh ghee. In weddings, it is customary for people to give gifts prepared from ghee to the bride's family. Buttermilk, Lassi and tea are common drinks.

Fresh vegetables and fruits are easily available. The most relished dishes are Raabri, Bajre ki khichri with lassi and Bajre ki roti with saag(vegetable made by green leafful vegetables),nooni ghee, lassi. Teet ka achar is a pickle made of Kair tree. Some of the popular Haryana cuisines are Singri ki sabzi, Kachri ki Sabzi, Methi Gajar, Mixed Dal, Hara Dhania Cholia, Kadhi Pakora, Tamatar Chutney, Bathua Raita, Khichri, Mithe Chawal, Besan Masala Roti Makhan, Bhura Roti Ghee, Bajra Aloo Roti Makhan, Churma, Kheer and Malpuas.[59] Pethe ki subji is made on special occasions.

Special Economic Zone

Reliance Ventures, a group company of Reliance Industries, and the Haryana State Industrial and Infrastructure Development Corporation Ltd (HSIIDC), signed a joint venture to set up a multi-product special economic zone in Jhajjar. At an investment of Rs.400 billion, the project was stated to be India's largest SEZ spread over 25,000 acres (100 km2). It was to be implement by a 90:10 joint venture company, Reliance Haryana SEZ Ltd. Reliance and HSIIDC will have directors in a ratio of 2:1 on the board of the joint venture company. There has been considerable opposition to forcible acquisition of agricultural land for the SEZ by the government. The SEZ project has been delayed.

After the truce between the Ambani brothers the new and old business seems to be coming back on track. RIL is planning to kick-start its SEZ plan in Gurgaon and Jhajjar with around Rs 3000 crore being pumped in.Agreements are virtually done with Japanese and Korean companies like Panasonic and Mitsui for setting up large manufacturing and logistics facilities in the Gurgaon Jhajjar SEZ and estimated to create 1.5 million jobs.

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