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District Jhajjar, Haryana

Jhajjar is one of the 20th district of Haryana state, India. Jhajjar district, Haryana was carved out of Rohtak district on July 15, 1997. The district headquarter is situated in Jhajjar town at a distance of about 65 km from Delhi. The town is said to have been founded by one Chhaju and Chhajunagar was changed to Jhajjar. It is also derived from Jharnaghar, a natural fountain. A third derivation is from Jhajjar, a water vessel, because the surface drainage of the country for miles around runs into the town as into a sink. Other towns in the district are Bahadurgarh and Beri. Bahadurgarh was founded by Rathi Jats and formerly known as Sharafabad. It is situated 29 km from Delhi and had developed into an important of industrial centre.

Location Description :

The district lies in the south east of Haryana state. Jhajjar District is one among the important districts of Haryana State and the district Headquarter lies on the National Highway No. 71 and is situated at a distance of 65 km from Delhi , the national capital of India . The District lies between 28 o 33' N and 28 o 42' S latitude and 76o 28' 45" W and 76 o 84' 15" E longitude. On its north lies the Rohtak Subdivision of Rohtak District and in the South lies the Subdivision Rewari of Rewari District. In the East lies Tikri border of National Capital of India, and in the West lies Charkhi Dadri Sub Division of Bhiwani District.

The altitude of the Distt. is about 715 above mean sea level (MSL) and a slope from South to North from Rewari towards Jhajjar is around 40 feet.. In the eastern part of district, the area is considerably even. Some area is uneven and also suffers from inundation and water logging during Monsoon season. The district falls within the classified arid and semi-arid zones. Broadly four types of soil are available in the District viz. clay, loamy clay, loamy sandy and sandy. It is alluvial in nature and fertile. However, the soil is deficient in Nitrogen. Hot summer, cold winter and meager rain fall are the main climatic characteristics of Jhajjar District.

Area and Population :

The district is having an area of 1834 square Kms which is 4.05 % of total area of the state. The total population of the District is 880072, (684975 in Rural and 195097 in Urban Areas) as per the Census 2001. Rural population is 77.83% of the total population. Population density is 484 person per sq. km. Population of Jhajjar town is 39002. The other towns are, Bahadurgarh with population of 139933 & Beri with population of 16162.

Agriculture Products/Industries of the Area :

The economy of the district is primarily agriculture, e.g. agrarian economy. About 57.58 of total workers (392527) are engaged in agriculture and allied activities. As per census 2001, only 7548 households are engaged in industrial labour and rest are engaged in other activities. Out of total geographical area of the district only 77.38% area is under cultivation. The main crops in rabi season are Wheat, Gram, Barley, Mustard, Sugar Cane and in Kharif season are Cotton, Paddy, Jawar, Bajra, Gawar, Arhar and Moong.

On the Industrial front, District is now witnessing Industrial growth at faster pace by providing good infrastructure to the industries. At present 1477 small scale Industrial units are working. Besides it, 37 large and Medium units also exit in the district. Mainly M/s Surya Roshni Ltd., M/s SPL Ltd. Hindustan Sanitary wares & Industries Ltd., Parle Hindustan National Glass & Industries Ltd., Parle Biscuits Ltd., Merino Panel Products Ltd. And Relaxo Footwear Ltd., are prestigious industrial units in the district.

Steel pipe & C.R. Strips, Biscuits, Glazed Tiles, Glass Bottles & Tumblers, Sanitary ware, Decorated Laminated Sheets, Refractory, Bottling of L.P.G. Cylinders, Rubber Footwear, Coated Papers, Coated Cotton Fabric, Transfer Sheets, Woven Lables, Embroidered Fabric & Motifs, HDPE Woven Fabrics, Atta & Maida, Steel Wires, Ball Bearing Socks and Bituminous. HSIDC is developing two more Sectors i.e. Sector -16 & 18 measuring land area of 401 acre on National Highway-10, Bahadurgarh. In the First phase, Sector 16 is being developed and 90 % road works are completed. Sector 18 will be taken up in second phase. In these Sectors, plots of various sizes ranging 450sq.m. to 11250sq.m.will be for available for allotment totaling 362 plots . A part from this, Sector - 4B consisting of 179 acre of land is also under process of acquisition.

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